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Helsinki (Finnish) or Helsingfors (Swedish) is the capital of Finland.
Founded in 1550, the "Daughter of the Baltic" has been the Finnish capital since 1812, when it was rebuilt by the tsars of Russia along the lines of a miniature St.
However, most of the Finnish-speaking majority only know the very basics of Swedish, which they learned in school.
Most Finns speak English more fluently than Swedish.
Petersburg, a role it has played in many Cold War movies.
Today, Helsinki pulls off the trick of being something of an international metropolis while still retaining a small-town feel.
Highs are usually around 22°C and sometimes climb above 27°C, with lows usually ranging between 15 to 20°C.
Though thoroughly a Nordic capital, Helsinki today reflects the influences gained from the Western and Eastern cultures.
The more industrialized municipality of Vantaa is to the north and east.
Beyond these three the suburbs rapidly give way to small towns, farms and forests, most notably Nuuksio National Park at the intersection of Espoo, Vihti and Kirkkonummi.
Street names and many signs in Helsinki are in both Finnish and Swedish.
All international and domestic flights land at the compact, modern and airy Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport  (IATA: HEL, ICAO: EFHK), which is located in Vantaa, 18 kilometers to the north of the central Helsinki.
The best time to visit is in summer, when Finns peel off their overcoats and flock to outdoor bars and cafes to enjoy the sunshine. 1550 by King Gustav Vasa of Sweden as a trading post to compete with Tallinn to the south in Estonia, which was Danish at that time.