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These increases are puzzling, given the fact that it is precisely during the period since 2008 that the South African government engaged in a large-scale distribution of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs).” Mbeki then questioned why Africans had higher numbers of people infected with HIV than other race groups, the veracity of death notices and the government’s justification of its budget on HIV and ARV treatment.
He asked: “What justifies spending 16 percent of the national health budget (2015) on a disease which in 2013 accounted for 5 percent of all deaths?
Some experts say that casual attitude may be one reason why many sexually active young people don’t take don’t take preventive measures, leaving them at risk for HIV infections.
For example, in a 2015 survey, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 43 percent of sexually active U. high school students did not use a condom the last time they had sex.
And only 10 percent had been tested for HIV, the study found.
At the same time, Murawski said, it’s also possible that the local increase in HIV cases could stem from greater awareness and testing.
Of those new HIV patients, 60 percent were younger than age 30.“The thing we’re seeing the most is young people being HIV positive, with most being diagnosed through sex,” said Leeah Hopper, the agency’s director. Joseph County alone recorded 17 new HIV cases through June of this year, putting it on pace to surpass the 19 new cases for all of 2015, according to statistics from the Indiana State Department of Health.
“It shows the importance of knowing your status, whether positive or negative, and starting to educate the youth in high schools, repetitively getting that message across of protecting yourself and what could happen if you don’t.”While AIDS Ministries/AIDS Assist conducted 11 new positive tests, the organization saw a total of 35 new HIV patients, including new referrals, through the first half of the year, Hopper said. Elkhart, La Porte and Marshall counties each saw fewer than five new cases through June this year, keeping the rate flat in those counties compared with 2015.
The data he quotes is based on the cause of death written on death certificates.
Public health officials elsewhere also have pointed to “hookup” apps as a contributing factor in rising numbers of HIV cases among young people.
Last year, Rhode Island health officials named the social media apps as among the increasing “high-risk behaviors” that led to a 33 percent increase of HIV cases in that state, according to CNN.
There are a number of reasons why this underestimates the role of HIV.
Firstly, for stigma-related reasons, HIV was often not written on death certificates.” “Secondly, in many cases where the cause was indicated as TB or pneumonia, HIV would in fact have been the underlying cause.
Melissa Murawski, a disease intervention specialist who helps the state collect data on new HIV cases, said she has noticed a slight increase in the Michiana area but did not have statistics.